Introduction of Interior design
Interior design is a multi-faceted profession in which creative and technical solutions are applied within a structure to achieve a built interior environment. These solutions are functional, enhance the quality of life and culture of the occupants, and are aesthetically attractive. Designs are created in response to and coordinated with code and regulatory requirements, and encourage the principles of environmental sustainability.(1)
The interior design process follows a systematic and coordinated methodology, including research, analysis and integration of knowledge into the creative process, whereby the needs and resources of the client are satisfied to produce an interior space that fulfills the project goals.
The work of an interior designer draws upon many disciplines including environmental psychology, architecture, product design, and traditional decoration (aesthetics and cosmetics). They plan the spaces of almost every type of building including: hotels, corporate spaces, schools, hospitals, private residences, shopping malls, restaurants, theaters, and airport terminals. Today, interior designers must be attuned to architectural detailing including floor plans, home renovations, and construction codes. Some interior designers are architects as well.(1)
-Interior design- and Project management
Project management is application of skills, knowledge, tools, and technique of project activities in order to meet or exceed stakeholder needs and expectation from a project. People can use Project management in various businesses in all industries. Project management divide project in 5 process groups: initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing. However, because of the specialty of interior design, the application of the five process groups has been evolved to 3 typical stages of design process. These stages include: Pre-production design, Design during production, Post-production design feedback for future designs. (2))
Typical stages of the design process (2)
- Pre-production design (2)
- Design brief or Parti – an early often the beginning statement of design goals
- Analysis – analysis of current design goals
- Research – investigating similar design solutions in the field or related topics
- Specification – specifying requirements of a design solution for a product (product design specification) or service.
- Problem solving – conceptualizing and documenting design solutions
- Presentation – presenting design solutions
- Design during production (2)
- Development – continuation and improvement of a designed solution
- Testing – in situ testing a designed solution
- Post-production design feedback for future designs (2)
- Implementation – introducing the designed solution into the environment
- Evaluation and conclusion – summary of process and results, including constructive criticism and suggestions for future improvements
- Redesign(2) – any or all stages in the design process repeated (with corrections made) at any time before, during, or after production.