Monday, November 25, 2013

Interior design and project management

-Interior design- and project management
Introduction of Interior design
Interior design is a multi-faceted profession in which creative and technical solutions are applied within a structure to achieve a built interior environment. These solutions are functional, enhance the quality of life and culture of the occupants, and are aesthetically attractive. Designs are created in response to and coordinated with code and regulatory requirements, and encourage the principles of environmental sustainability.(1)
The interior design process follows a systematic and coordinated methodology, including research, analysis and integration of knowledge into the creative process, whereby the needs and resources of the client are satisfied to produce an interior space that fulfills the project goals.
The work of an interior designer draws upon many disciplines including environmental psychology, architecture, product design, and traditional decoration (aesthetics and cosmetics). They plan the spaces of almost every type of building including: hotels, corporate spaces, schools, hospitals, private residences, shopping malls, restaurants, theaters, and airport terminals. Today, interior designers must be attuned to architectural detailing including floor plans, home renovations, and construction codes. Some interior designers are architects as well.(1)

-Interior design- and Project management
Project management is application of skills, knowledge, tools, and technique of project activities in order to meet or exceed stakeholder needs and expectation from a project. People can use Project management in various businesses in all industries. Project management divide project in 5 process groups: initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing. However, because of the specialty of interior design, the application of the five process groups has been evolved to 3 typical stages of design process. These stages include: Pre-production design, Design during production, Post-production design feedback for future designs. (2))
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Typical stages of the design process (2)
  • Pre-production design (2)
    In this stage, it combines initial and planning the two process groups of project management. In the stage, the designer has to make sure and analysis the design goals, investigating the similar design solutions in the field or related topics, specifying requirement and resources of the design solution for product or service, problem and risks solving, presenting design solutions.

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    • Design brief or Parti – an early often the beginning statement of design goals
    • Analysis – analysis of current design goals
    • Research – investigating similar design solutions in the field or related topics
    • Specification – specifying requirements of a design solution for a product (product design specification) or service.
    • Problem solvingconceptualizing and documenting design solutions
    • Presentation – presenting design solutions
  • Design during production (2)
During this stage, it is similar the executing and monitoring processes of project management. During this stage, the designer has to base on the design goals to continue improve and change the design solutions.

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    • Development – continuation and improvement of a designed solution
    • Testing – in situ testing a designed solution
  • Post-production design feedback for future designs (2)
This stage combines monitoring process and closing process of project management. In the stage, the designer introduces the design solution into the environment, in the stage the designer has to base on the real environment to change and improve the designer solution to meet or exceed the stakeholder’s expectation. On the other hand, the designer has to base the design solution to make a summary of process or results to help the stakeholder in future improvements.

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    • Implementation – introducing the designed solution into the environment
    • Evaluation and conclusion – summary of process and results, including constructive criticism and suggestions for future improvements
  • Redesign(2) – any or all stages in the design process repeated (with corrections made) at any time before, during, or after production.

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